Deliberate Acts of Teaching

Key Principles

It is a “given” that effective teacher:
  1. actively teach skills, content & key competencies;
  2. co-construct learning intentions with learners;
  3. know what they are teaching & why;
  4. understand the learning progressions;
  5. plan relevant, interesting learning activities;
  6. provide opportunities for learners to reinforce & practise new learning;
  7. provide effective feedback & feed-forward;
  8. are flexible & responsive;
  9. are flexible, organised & collaborative;
  10. use language the learner understands.
  11. Prompting (encouraging)
Effective teachers:
  1. ask another question;
  2. remind;
  3. rephrase the question;
  4. give hints & clues;
  5. provide thinking time/wait time;
  6. encourage learners to use what they already know;
  7. scaffold the next learning steps;
  8. actively listen;
  9. understand learning styles.
  10. Feedback (how, why & next step)
Effective teachers:
  1. provide specific feedback & feed-forward;
  2. acknowledge the skills & processes learned;
  3. make links to the learning intention;
  4. understand learning progressions;
  5. give immediate feedback;
  6. provide an opportunity for learners to follow up & action the feedback / feed-forward.
  7. Directing (giving a specific instruction)
Effective teachers:
  1. clearly state the learning intention & displays clarity of purpose;
  2. makes connections between prior & new learning;
  3. directs learners to discuss, compare, understand & learn from others’ ideas;
  4. directs learners to other resources.
  5. Modelling (showing how)
Effective teachers:
  1. use a variety of: approaches, appropriate language, question types, strategies / formats / technologies / structures, recording
  2. formats, relevant contexts, grouping structures, …;
  3. make displays of learners’ work to include strategies, recording, language & thinking used;
  4. display exemplars of learning;
  5. paraphrase, clarify, discuss & model what learners say;
  6. model themselves as a learner;
  7. model & articulate desired to learn attributes including thinking skills, repeated attempts, enjoyment, risk-taking, generalising,
  8. connections to previous learning, listening, challenge.
  9. Questioning (asking the right question)
Effective teachers:
  1. ask a variety of questions;
  2. allow for prediction, explanation & reflection;
  3. challenge thinking & learning;
  4. provide wait time;
  5. question the learner to reveal & extend thinking processes & strategies;
  6. encourage learners to ask questions;
  7. create discussion opportunities;
  8. expect response & commitment from the respondent.
  9. Telling
Effective teachers:
  1. supply, give or tell what the learner needs;
  2. fills a gap so learning can progress;
  3. gives information;
  4. reminds the learner of prior knowledge;
  5. provides language needed.
  6. Explaining (give a reason why)
Effective teachers:
  1. use “because” to justify their reasoning;
  2. use a variety of ways to explain a learning opportunity;
  3. use explicit, relevant explanations;
  4. use language learners understand;
  5. are alert to the teachable moment.


Based on research from: “The Effective Literacy Handbook Years 5 – 8″. Please contact us to find out more!