Deliberate Acts of Teaching

Key Principles

It is a “given” that effective teachers:

  • actively teach skills, content & key competencies;
  • co-construct learning intentions with learners;
  • know what they are teaching & why;
  • understand the learning progressions;
  • plan relevant, interesting learning activities;
  • provide opportunities for learners to reinforce & practise new learning;
  • provide effective feedback & feed-forward;
  • are flexible & responsive;
  • are flexible, organised & collaborative;
  • use language the learner understands.
  • Prompting (encouraging):

Effective teachers:

  • ask another question;
  • remind;
  • rephrase the question;
  • give hints & clues;
  • provide thinking time / wait time;
  • encourage learners to use what they already know;
  • scaffold the next learning steps;
  • actively listen;
  • understand learning styles.
  • Feedback (how, why & next step):

Effective teachers:

  • provide specific feedback & feed-forward;
  • acknowledge the skills & process learned;
  • make links to the learning intention;
  • understand learning progressions;
  • give immediate feedback;
  • provide opportunity for learners to follow up & action the feedback / feed-forward.
  • Directing (giving a specific instruction):

Effective teachers:

  • clearly state the learning intention & displays clarity of purpose;
  • makes connections between prior & new learning;
  • directs learners to discuss, compare, understand & learn from others’ ideas;
  • directs learners to other resources.
  • Modelling (showing how):

Effective teachers:

  • use a variety of: approaches, appropriate language, question types, strategies / formats / technologies / structures, recording
  • formats, relevant contexts, grouping structures, …;
  • make displays of learners’ work to include strategies, recording, language & thinking used;
  • display exemplars of learning;
  • paraphrase, clarify, discuss & model what learners say;
  • model themselves as a learner;
  • model & articulate desired learning attributes including thinking skills, repeated attempts, enjoyment, risk taking, generalising,
  • connections to previous learning, listening, challenge.
  • Questioning (asking the right question):

Effective teachers:

  • ask a variety of questions;
  • allow for prediction, explanation & reflection;
  • challenge thinking & learning;
  • provide wait time;
  • question the learner to reveal & extend thinking processes & strategies;
  • encourage learners to ask questions;
  • create discussion opportunities;
  • expect response & commitment from the respondent.
  • Telling:

Effective teachers:

  • supply, give or tell what the learner needs;
  • fills a gap so learning can progress;
  • gives information;
  • reminds the learner of prior knowledge;
  • provides language needed.
  • Explaining (give a reason why):

Effective teachers:

  • use “because” to justify their reasoning;
  • use a variety of ways to explain a learning opportunity;
  • use explicit, relevant explanations;
  • use language learners understand;
  • are alert to the teachable moment.

Based on research from: “The Effective Literacy Handbook Years 5 – 8″. Please contact us to find out more!